Transnational mobility for learning purposes has always been a crucial issue in European policy. The European institutions reinforce in their directives, strategies and recommendations the importance of studying and training abroad for personal and professional growth, for the acquisition of sectoral and transversal knowledge, for the acquisition of skills, aptitudes and Skills and to facilitate employability European labor market. The actions of the Erasmus + program contributed in a special way to the implementation of the Europe 2020 strategy for growth, employability, social justice and inclusion, as well as to the achievement of the Education and Training 2020 objectives.
In addition to the positive consequences that mobility has in the long term for the participants, organizations and professionals involved, the final impacts must also be felt in the education, training and youth support systems in the participating countries, thus encouraging political reforms and attracting new resources and mobility opportunities in Europe and beyond..
Let’s talk about some important aspects for the quality of mobility:
– Tutoring and mentoring are aspects present in any mobility project, from start to finish;
– Understanding and identifying intercultural issues are one of the most pressing aspects of mobility because they can represent barriers for participants and professionals working on mobility projects. Despite being an aspect present in all phases of mobility, there are two crucial moments – before mobility and during mobility;
– The European Credit Transfer System for Vocational Education and Training (ECVET) was conceived as a European instrument to support the mobility of participants, lifelong learning and the flexibility of learning paths to obtain qualifications. It is one of the European transparency tools, aiming at promoting and recognizing mobility.
– In mobility projects, Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) are valuable resources to assist in the performance of tasks – they are very flexible and are available around the world around the clock. If they are well thought out and structured they can be useful throughout the project and all Mobility.
When we talk about quality in transnational mobilities, there is a reference document that must be used – the European Mobility Quality Charter, a recommendation from the European Parliament with 10 main guidelines:
– Information and guidance focused on candidates and access to real and reliable information on all aspects of mobility of participants;
– Learning plan, being mandatory the design and signature of it by all involved partners and participants;
– Personalization, which encourages the idea of planning each mobility according to the profile of each participant;
– General preparation, before departure, that addresses at least linguistic, pedagogical, intercultural, legal and financial aspects;
– Linguistic aspects that encourage language learning, so that mobility, learning and growth are more effective;
– Logistical aspects that involve and inform participants about travel, accommodation, insurance, legal aspects of the scholarship, work / residence permits, among others;
– Mentoring, whose responsibility lies with the sending organization, which must ensure advice and help and the integration of the participant;
– Recognition and certification of experiences and learning, specifically through Europass and ECVET;
– Reintegration and assessment after return, with further guidance recommended in order to achieve better results;
– Commitments and responsibilities ensuring, in writing, that these and other quality criteria will be met by all parties involved.
These and other requirements are part of the project “HOSTVET: Improvement of the management of local hosting VET organizations in touristic sector” aims to share best practices and develop new strategies about management of hosting organizations, for internship programs in tourism and cultural and creative enterprises sector.